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Can Type 2 Diabetes lead to other health complications?

Yes, Type 2 Diabetes can lead to a range of other health complications if not properly managed.

Can Type 2 Diabetes lead to other health complications?

These complications can affect various parts of the body and can be serious or even life-threatening. Common complications include:

  1. Heart and Blood Vessel Disease: Diabetes significantly increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis).

  2. Nerve Damage (Neuropathy): Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in the legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning, or pain.

  3. Kidney Damage (Nephropathy): Diabetes can damage the filtering system of the kidneys, leading to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.

  4. Eye Damage: Diabetes increases the risk of serious eye diseases, such as cataracts and glaucoma, and may damage the blood vessels of the retina, potentially leading to blindness (diabetic retinopathy).

  5. Foot Damage: Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can develop serious infections, which often heal poorly and may ultimately require toe, foot, or leg amputation.

  6. Skin Conditions: Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.

  7. Hearing Impairment: Hearing problems are more common in people with diabetes.

  8. Alzheimer's Disease: Type 2 Diabetes may increase the risk of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease. The poorer your blood sugar control, the greater the risk appears to be.

  9. Depression: Depression is common among people with chronic conditions such as diabetes, and it can affect diabetes management.

Proper management of blood sugar levels, along with regular medical check-ups and attention to other risk factors (such as high blood pressure and cholesterol), is vital in preventing or delaying these complications. Lifestyle factors such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and not smoking are also crucial in managing Type 2 Diabetes and reducing the risk of complications.

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